Downgrading Hetzner Cloud Server to Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
by Thomas Urban
Hetzner is now offering its cloud services promoting quite cheap virtual servers replacing its previous offer of virtual servers CX line. In cloud services there is no installimage support thus running server with Ubuntu 14.04 LTS requires manual installation.
Create Virtual Server
This tutorial does not cover steps required for creating new virtual server in Hetzner Cloud Services in the first place. As a prerequisite you need to create one yourself.
Examine Network Configuration
DHCP autoconfiguration was failing when running Ubuntu 14.04 LTS installer and so you should examine and write down network configuration of your freshly created virtual server. Log into server via SSH and run these commands:
ifconfig eth0is used to show basic IPv4 configuration of NIC eth0.
route -nis used to display route configuration. This is pretty essential in case your existing server isn't part of some IP network by means of configuration.
cat /etc/network/interfaces.d/50-cloud-init.cfgis used to show the IPv6 configuration.
cat /etc/resolv.confwill show nameservers.
cat ~/.ssh/authorized_keysisn't related to network configuration but displays your SSH public key used for authentication to be restored afterwards.
Running these commands in an SSH session you should keep this window open until installation of Ubuntu 14.04 LTS has succeeded.
Mount ISO Image
Return to console of Hetzner Cloud Services. Select your server and pick option "ISO-Images" from menu. This list includes ISO images labelled Ubuntu 14.04.05 (amd/netinstall) or similar. Mount that image.
Return to open SSH session and invoke
Don't close the window afterwards!
Install Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Switch back to console of Hetzner Cloud Services and open server's web console (available by clicking little prompt icon at top of page). This is opening a new browser window providing console access.
Start the installer and choose options as you like. Obey the hints given below.
On Automatic Network Configuration Failing
If installer fails to discover network configuration automatically you need to:
- provide the IP of eth0 as given in output of
ifconfig eth0invoked before,
- provide the network mask of eth0 as given in same output of
- provide the gateway's IP address as given in output of
route -ninvoked before or omit any gateway information but keep the field empty in case of your input isn't accepted by installer,
- provide IP address of at least one of the name servers listed in output of
On setting up hard disk you might prefer guided installation for using all hard disk or create partitions as you like.
Make sure to install OpenSSH server when asked to choose software modules to be included. Probably enabling any other module here might fail due to requiring network access which isn't complete, yet, in case of having issues with automatic network configuration before.
Unmount ISO images using console of Hetzner Cloud Services when installer has finished. Then reboot into Ubuntu 14.04 LTS.
Fixing Network Configuration
Booting system might take some time due to incomplete network initialization. Log in as regular user created in installer using web console. Open network configuration in editor by invoking
sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces.
On Gateway Rejected by Installer Before
There should be a block of lines indented next to a line reading
iface eth0 inet static. Append these three lines to those existing there using same indentation:
dns-nameservers 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 up route add 184.108.40.206 dev eth0 up route add default gw 220.127.116.11
Replace 18.104.22.168 with IP address given in output of
route -nbefore. You might need to use different IP addresses for name servers as well.
Adding IPv6 Configuration
Check output of
cat /etc/network/interfaces.d/50-cloud-init.cfg for another block including line containing
inet6 static. In our case it reads
iface eth0:0 inet6 static. Appends the whole block starting with line reading
auto eth0:0 or similar to file in editor.
Finally save file and reboot the server. This time it shouldn't take much time to boot up.
Test setup by logging in again and invoke a command like
ping google.com. Try
ping6 google.com to check IPv6 configuration, too.
Recover SSH Key
Log into server via SSH as regular user created by installer using password given there.
Using SSH here helps with entering key data using clipboard which isn't available in Hetzner's web console.
sudo mkdir -p /root/.ssh to create folder containing key files. Limit permissions on folder using
sudo chmod 0700 /root/.ssh.
Open editor for entering key using
sudo nano /root/.ssh/authorized_keys. Copy and paste all output of
cat /root/.ssh/authorized_keys invoked before installing Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. Close editor saving changes to disk.
Try logging in as root via SSH using key-based authentication to test your setup, finally.